Analysis of the development of mainframe computers in China

Status and Trends of the Computer Industry

I. Status of the Computer Industry

1. Hardware

Computer hardware, computers on the market have been developed to the eighth generation, the performance is more and more powerful, especially the performance of the CPU has been greatly improved. At the same time, as people’s demand for computers is getting higher and higher, the price of computer hardware is also decreasing, and more and more people can afford high-performance computers.

2. Software

In terms of computer software, operating systems, application software and so on are constantly updated and upgraded, making the use of computers more convenient and efficient. At the same time, with the development of cloud computing, big data and other technologies, computer software is also constantly innovating and advancing.

3. Application

Two, the computer industry trends

1, with the development of microelectronics technology, technology maturity, price reduction, and its application areas are also increasing, so miniaturization will be one of the future development trend of instrumentation. Micrometer not only has the function of traditional instrumentation, but also in automation technology, aerospace, military, biotechnology, medical field can play a unique role.

2, the future instrumentation will be more multi-functional. Compared with the dedicated pulse generator and frequency synthesizer, the multi-functional integrated products are not only high precision and other performance, but also provides a variety of test functions excellent solution.

3, artificial intelligence is a new field of computer applications, the use of computers to simulate human intelligence. The future instrumentation will be further developed, instead of a certain artificial intelligence, that is, part of the human brain work, in vision, hearing, thinking and other aspects of a certain ability. With the application of artificial intelligence in modern instrumentation, we have not only solved the problems that are difficult to solve by traditional methods, but also solved the problems that cannot be solved by traditional methods.

4, with the rapid development of network technology, Internet technology gradually penetrate into the field of industrial control and intelligent instrumentation system design, the future of the instrumentation industry will integrate isp and emit technology to achieve networking. The concept of networked instrumentation is a breakthrough from the traditional concept of measuring instruments, the network is the concept of instrumentation, accurately outlines the development trend of instrumentation networking.

With the impact of the epidemic in the first half of 2022 continued to weaken, computer downstream customer business activities gradually returned to normal, the future of China’s computer industry practitioners will have a qualitative improvement in the comprehensive quality of the phenomenon of talent disconnect will certainly be effectively improved. The industry is vast, the type of work is also very different, such as JAVA, UI design, new media operations, film and television post and so on, although all belong to the computer industry, but engaged in the work, learning expertise is completely different, the field of service is not limited to the field of computers.

China’s supercomputer development to what extent

One, China’s supercomputer has the momentum of the latecomer, the emergence of the Dawning Nebula, the Tianhe series of supercomputers in the world rankings. Especially the “Tianhe II”, in 2015 in the 45th global supercomputer 500 list, China’s “Tianhe II” for the fifth consecutive year to come out on top, further refreshing their own historical records. Of course, in the chip and other core technologies, we have to further better and faster development.

Two, supercomputer (chaojijisuanji): able to perform general personal computers can not handle the amount of data and high-speed computing computer. Its basic components and the concept of personal computers are not very different, but the specifications and performance is much more powerful, is a super-large electronic computer. Has a strong ability to calculate and process data, the main characteristics of high-speed and large capacity, with a variety of external and peripheral equipment and rich, high-function software system. Most of the existing supercomputer computing speed can reach a too (Trillion, trillion) times per second or more.

Three, the supercomputer is the most powerful computer, the fastest computing speed, the largest storage capacity of a class of computers, mostly used in the field of national high-tech and cutting-edge technology research, is the embodiment of a country’s scientific research strength, it is on national security, economic and social development is of pivotal significance. It is an important symbol of the level of national scientific and technological development and comprehensive national power.

The status of China’s computer development?

Status of the computer industry:

The development of the computer industry has not been long, but has changed the way of life of the masses, at present China’s computer industry is still in the stage of rapid development, but many people are hesitant to enter the computer industry now whether there is still money to be made, in fact, now there is still a great deal of profit space in the computer industry.

One, intelligent information age – the rapid development of the computer industry

The emergence of the smart phone is only a little more than ten years, but has been able to replace the computer, the popularity of smart phones to improve the quality of life of the public, so that the transmission of information more quickly. Although the convenience of information transfer can greatly improve the efficiency of work, but also brings many disadvantages, such as social problems rely too much on public opinion supervision, many social grievances are erupted in the network, which requires professional computer personnel for positive guidance.

Although the degree of information technology in China has been significantly improved, but compared with some developed countries, there is still a lot of room for growth, which is the main reason why our programmers have been in short supply. The enhancement of the degree of informationization is important for all industries to work, China’s working hours are very long in the world, mainly because of the low degree of informationization and cumbersome work procedures.

Two, long working hours – computer industry talent shortage

996, baldness, death from overwork has become synonymous with the computer industry, the computer industry, although the pay is generous, but the work is also very hard, so there are a lot of people after a long period of high-pressure work, and ultimately, because of the physical The problem has to give up in the computer industry to develop down.

According to incomplete statistics, China’s computer industry still exists a large number of talent gap, which is a very good opportunity for computer students, whether you want to long in the computer industry to develop down, you can first enter the industry to understand, in fact, there are now a lot of well-known computer companies to note the length of the practitioners and began to improve the problem! The company’s main goal is to provide the best possible service to its customers,” he said.

Three, work pressure – professionals stick to the difficult

The computer industry workload is huge, long-term high-pressure working conditions, practitioners are prone to physical and psychological problems, so many people in order to improve the quality of life, will not stick to the computer industry for a long time to develop. These people often have a wealth of work experience, and can make a great contribution to the computer industry, the loss of these talents is the loss of the entire industry.

China’s computer industry has not been developed for a long time, but the progress made is incomparable to other countries. Although the industry’s salaries and wages have not yet been able to catch up with those of other developed countries, it is always making progress, and I believe that one day it will be able to realize its own leapfrog. Although the working hours are long and the work pressure is high, the goal of common struggle always exists.

In fact, the computer industry has been in a very strong upward momentum, if you really have a strong love for the computer industry, you can also choose to develop in the computer industry, as long as your professional skills can create value for the industry, you will certainly be able to reap the benefits of a lucrative salary, which is undoubtedly.

Briefly summarize the development of China’s computer

1, in March 1956, by Min Naida and other professors to the former Soviet Union, “to learn”, for the development of China’s 12-year plan for the computer part of the technical preparations. In the former Soviet Union, with the help of experts, China’s first digital electronic computer 103 machine (fixed-point 32 binary bits, 2,500 times per second) was delivered in 1958. Subsequently, China’s first large-scale digital electronic computer 104 machine (floating-point 40 binary bits, 10,000 times per second) was also delivered in 1959.

2. China’s first self-designed compilation system, built on the 104 machine and led by Zhong Zuihao and Dong Yunmei, was successfully tested in 1961, and China’s first self-designed large-scale general-purpose digital electronic tube computer, the 119 machine, was successfully developed in 1964.

3. In 1965, the Institute of Computing of the Chinese Academy of Sciences successfully developed China’s first large-scale transistorized computer: 109B; 109B was improved, and two years later, 109C was launched, which played an important role in China’s two-bomb test production, and was hailed as a “meritorious machine” by users. North China Institute of Computing has successfully developed 108 machine, 108B machine (DJS-6), 121 machine (DJS-21) and 320 machine (DJS-8), which were produced in five factories including 738 factory.

4. In 1973, Peking University and Beijing Cable TV Factory cooperated to develop a large-scale general-purpose computer with an operating speed of 1 million times per second. In 1974, Tsinghua University and other units jointly designed and developed the DJS-130 minicomputer, and later pushed the DJS-140 minicomputer, forming a 100 series of products.

5, early 1980, many units in China also began to use the Z80, X86 and 6502 chip development of microcomputers. 1983 12 Ministry of Electronics six successfully developed and IBMPC compatible DJS-0520 microcomputer. 10 years China’s microcomputer industry has traveled a remarkable road, now represented by the Lenovo microcomputer microcomputer has been occupying a large portion of the domestic market.

Extended information:

China’s computer achievements:

How is the future development trend of supercomputer?

The industry’s main related listed companies: StarNet Ruijie (002396), Industrial Fulian (601138), in the inter-asahi Xu Chuang (300308), Digital China (000034), halo new network (300383), the Great Wall of China (000066) and so on.

Core data in this article: market size of China’s supercomputing services market, structure of China’s supercomputing services market, segmentation market size

The total market size of China’s supercomputing services market is close to 20 billion yuan

According to the data of Frost & Sullivan, the market size of China’s supercomputing services market is constantly on the rise in the period of 2016-2021, growing from 6.51 billion yuan in 2016 to 19.66 billion yuan in 2021, approaching 20 billion yuan, with a compound growth rate of 24.7 percent.

Business supercomputing services market size will account for the largest share in 2021

The current supercomputing segments are cutting-edge supercomputing, AI supercomputing, general-purpose supercomputing, and business supercomputing. in 2021, China’s business supercomputing services market size reaches 8.56 billion yuan, accounting for 44% of the total. General supercomputing and artificial intelligence supercomputing market size is 4.13 billion yuan and 3.83 billion yuan, accounting for 21% and 19% respectively. The smallest scale is currently the cutting-edge supercomputing, accounting for only 16%, with a market size of $3.14 billion.

Business supercomputing services market size exceeds 8.5 billion yuan in 2021

Business supercomputing directly serves the specific business within the industry, with strong practicality, and is more widely used in the financial, mechanical, and automotive industries.2016-2021 China’s business supercomputing services market size is rapidly increasing, and it has already exceeded 8.5 billion yuan in 2021, representing an increase from 2020 of 32.92%.

China’s General Supercomputing Services Market Size Exceeds 4 Billion Yuan in 2021

China’s general supercomputing services market size also showed a rising trend from 2016-2021, and for the first time exceeded 4 billion yuan in 2021, reaching 4.13 billion yuan, an increase of 11.62% from 2020.

National policy environment to promote the continued development of the industry

In recent years, in order to improve China’s arithmetic level, improve the layout of the data center, the state issued a series of policies, including the implementation of the “East counts, West counts” project, the release of the “14th Five-Year Plan “In November 2021, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) issued the “14th Five-Year Plan for the Development of the Information and Communications Industry”, which mentioned that China’s data center arithmetic power will increase from 900 billion floating-point operations per second in 2020 to 3 trillion floating-point operations per second in 2025, with the increase reaching 3 trillion floating-point operations per second, and the improvement rate reaching 3 trillion floating-point operations per second. floating point operations by 2025, an increase of 27% per annum. China’s supercomputing services market will be energized by the policy.

In summary, China’s total supercomputing service market size in 2021 is already close to 20 billion yuan, of which business supercomputing as well as general-purpose supercomputing accounted for a relatively high proportion. business supercomputing service market size in 2021 is more than 8.5 billion yuan, and general-purpose supercomputing is more than 4 billion yuan. Driven by national policies, China’s supercomputing services market will usher in rapid development.

The above data refer to “China Supercomputing Industry Market Demand Forecast and Investment Strategy Planning Analysis Report” by Prospect Industry Research Institute,

What is the current development trend of computers?

The development trend of computers is as follows:

1, giant, meaning that the computer has a very high computing speed, large-capacity storage space; 2, miniaturization, the inevitable development of large-scale and ultra-large-scale integrated circuits; 3, networked, the product of the close integration of computer technology and communications technology; 4, intelligent, so that computers can simulate human intellectual activity.